**Columns**

*Quantal *

- Wavelength (nm)
- log L-cone spectral sensitivity
- log M-cone spectral sensitivity
- log S-cone spectral sensitivity

*Energy *

- Wavelength (nm)
- log L-cone spectral sensitivity
- log M-cone spectral sensitivity
- log S-cone spectral sensitivity

Notes

The proposed 2-deg cone fundamentals are based on the CIE XYZ 1964 10-deg color matching functions.

From Table A of Stockman, MacLeod
and Johnson (1993) *Journal of the Optical Society of America A*, 10,
2491-2521

Columns 2, 3, and 4: logarithms of proposed cone sensitivities based on the , and 10-deg CMFs of the CIE 1964 supplementary standard observer, derived from the following transformations, and adapted for small field application through the corrections described below:

(λ≤ 525nm)

The S-cone sensitivities have been extended at lambda > 520 nm by using the following function:

(where λ is the wavelength in nm).

The 2-deg cone fundamentals in Columns 2, 3 and 4 were calculated using the above equations by (i) converting the above 10-deg cone fundamentals to photopigment optical density spectra by assuming 1.28 times the (open pupil) van Norren & Vos (1974) lens template, 0.28 times the Wyszecki & Stiles macular template, and a peak photopigment optical density of 0.30; and then (ii) converting the action spectra to 2-deg cone fundamentals by assuming the same lens densities, 0.70 times the macular template and a peak photopigment optical density of 0.40 (see text for details). The Wyszecki & Stiles macular template was extended beyond 400 nm by assuming densities of 0.0425 at 395 nm and zero at 390 nm.

The CIE 1964 observer has a slightly higher lens density than the Stiles & Burch (1955) observer. This difference is also apparent in the differences between the two sets of Stockman, MacLeod and Johnson cone fundamentals.

The tabulated M- and L-cone sensitivities can be extended into the infrared, where self-screening is negligible, by using the above linear equations in , and multiplied by wavelength-independent scaling factors of 1.103 for M and 1.102 for L.

All coefficients given above have been scaled so that in energy units the interpolated peak cone sensitivities are equal to 1.

References

Stiles, W. S. & Burch, J. M. (1955). Interim report to the Commission
Internationale de l'Eclairage Zurich, 1955, on the National Physical
Laboratory's investigation of colour-matching. *Optica Acta, 2*, 168-181.

Stiles, W. S. & Burch, J. M. (1959). NPL colour-matching investigation:
Final report. *Optica Acta*, *6*, 1-26.

Stockman, MacLeod and Johnson (1993). Isolation of the middle- and
long-wavelength sensitive cones in normal trichromats. *Journal of the
Optical Society of America A*, 10, 2491-2521

van Norren, D. & Vos, J. J. (1974). Spectral transmission of the human
ocular media. *Vision Research*, *14*, 1237-1244.

Wyszecki, G., & Stiles, W. S. (1982). *Color Science: concepts and
methods, quantitative data and formulae*. (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.