Andrew Stockman's publications

Stockman, A.  (1983).  The spectral sensitivities of the middle- and long-wavelength cone mechanisms.  Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge.

Stockman, A., & Mollon, J. D. (1986). The spectral sensitivities of the middle- and long-wavelength cones: an extension of the two-colour threshold technique of W S. Stiles. Perception, 15, 729-754.

Chen, B., MacLeod, D. I. A., & Stockman, A. (1987). Improvement in human vision under bright light: grain or gain? Journal of Physiology (London), 394, 41-66.

MacLeod, D. I. A., & Stockman, A. (1987). Duplicity, phase lags and destructive interference in mesopic and scotopic flicker perception. In N. R. C. Working group on night vision (Ed.), Night Vision: current research and future directions Washington: National Academy Press.

Mollon, J. D., Stockman, A., & Polden, P. G. (1987). Transient tritanopia of a second kind. Vision Research, 27, 637-650.

Sharpe, L. T., Fach, C. C., Nordby, K., & Stockman, A. (1989). The incremental threshold of the rod visual system and Weber's law. Science, 244, 354-356.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., & MacLeod, D. I. A. (1989). Rod flicker perception: scotopic duality, phase lags and destructive interference. Vision Research, 29, 1539-1559.

MacLeod, D. I. A., Chen, B., & Stockman, A. (1990). Why do we see better in bright light? In C. B. Blakemore (Ed.), Visual coding and efficiency Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sharpe, L. T., & Stockman, A. (1991). Dual rod pathways. In A. Valberg, & B. B. Lee (Ed.), From pigments to perception. Advances in understanding visual processes New York: Plenum.

Stockman, A., MacLeod, D. I. A., & DePriest, D. D. (1991). The temporal properties of the human short-wave photoreceptors and their associated pathways. Vision Research, 31, 189-208.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L. T., Zrenner, E., & Nordby, K. (1991). Slow and fast pathways in the human rod visual system: ERG and psychophysics. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 8, 1657-1665.

Sharpe, L. T., Fach, C. C., & Stockman, A. (1992). The field adaptation of the human rod visual system. Journal of Physiology (London), 445, 319-343.

Sharpe, L. T., Fach, C. C., & Stockman, A. (1993). The spectral properties of the two rod pathways. Vision Research, 33, 2705-2720.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Fach, C. C., & Markstahler, U. (1993). Temporal and spatial summation in the human rod visual system. Journal of Physiology (London), 463, 325-348.

Stockman, A., MacLeod, D. I. A., & Lebrun, S. (1993). Faster than the eye can see: the blue cones respond to rapid flicker. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 10, 1396-1402.

Stockman, A., MacLeod, D. I. A., & Johnson, N. E. (1993). Spectral sensitivities of the human sensitive cones. Journal of the Optical Society A, 10, 2491-2521.

Stockman, A., MacLeod, D. I. A., & Vivien, J. A. (1993). Isolation of the middle- and long-wavelength sensitive cones in normal trichromats. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 10, 2471-2490.

Sharpe, L. T., Hofmeister, J., Fach, C. C., & Stockman, A. (1994). Spatial relations of flicker signals in the two rod pathways. Journal of Physiology (London), 474, 421-431.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L. T, Rüther, K, & Nordby, K. (1995).  Two signals in the human rod visual system: a model based on electrophysiological data.  Visual Neuroscience, 12, 951-970.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Jägle, H., Knau, H., Klausen, G., Reitner, A., & Nathans, J. (1998). Red, green, and red-green hybrid photopigments in the human retina: correlations between deduced protein sequences and psychophysically-measured spectral sensitivities. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 10053-10069.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Knau, H., & Jägle, H. (1998). Macular pigment densities derived from central and peripheral spectral sensitivity differences. Vision Research, 38, 3233-3239.

Stockman, A., & Plummer, D. J. (1998). Color from invisible flicker: a failure of the Talbot-Plateau law caused by an early "hard" saturating nonlinearity used to partition the human short-wave cone pathway. Vision Research, 38, 3703-3728.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L. T. (1998). Human cone spectral sensitivities: a progress report. Vision Research, 38, 3193-3206.

Sharpe, L. T., & Stockman, A. (1999). Two rod pathways: the importance of seeing nothing. Trends in Neurosciences, 22, 497-504.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Jägle, H., Knau, H., & Nathans, J. (1999). L, M and L-M hybrid cone photopigments in man: deriving lmax from flicker photometric spectral sensitivities. Vision Research, 39, 3513-3525.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Jägle, H., & Nathans, J. (1999). Opsin genes, cone photopigments, color vision and colorblindness. In K. Gegenfurtner & L. T. Sharpe (Eds.), Color vision: From Genes to Perception (pp. 3-51) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L. T. (1999). Cone spectral sensitivities and color matching. In K. Gegenfurtner & L. T. Sharpe (Eds.), Color vision: From Genes to Perception (pp. 53-87) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L. T., & Fach, C. C. (1999). The spectral sensitivity of the human short-wavelength cones. Vision Research, 39, 2901-2927.

Stockman, A. and Sharpe, L.T. (2000) Spectral sensitivities of the middle- and long-wavelength sensitive cones derived from measurements in observers of known genotype. Vision Research, 40, 1711-1737.

Stockman, A. and Sharpe, L.T. (2000) Tritanopic color matches and the middle- and long-wavelength-sensitive cone spectral sensitivities. Vision Research, 40, 1739-1750.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L.T., Merbs, S. and Nathans, J. (2000) Spectral sensitivities of human cone visual pigments determined in vivo and in vitro. In: K. Palczewski (Ed), Vertebrate phototransduction and the visual cycle, Part B.  Methods in Enzymology, Vol. 316, pp. 626-650. Vol. 316. Academic Press, New York.

Stockman, A. (2004). Colorimetry. In: T.G. Brown, K. Creath, H. Kogelnik, M.A. Kriss, J. Schmit, & M.J. Weber (Eds.), The Optics Encyclopedia: Basic Foundations and Practical Applications, 1 (pp. 207-226). Berlin: Wiley-VCH.

Stockman, A., Plummer, D.J., & Montag, E.D. (2005). Spectrally-opponent inputs to the human luminance pathway: slow +M and -L cone inputs revealed by intense long-wavelength adaptation. Journal of Physiology, 566, 61-76.

Stockman, A., & Plummer, D.J. (2005). Spectrally-opponent inputs to the human luminance pathway: slow +L and -M cone inputs revealed by low to moderate long-wavelength adaptation. Journal of Physiology, 566, 77-91.

Ebenezer, N.D., Michaelides, M., Jenkins, S.A., Audo, I., Webster, A.R., Cheetham, M.E., Stockman, A., Maher, E.R., Ainsworth, J.R., Yates, J.R., Bradshaw, K., Holder, G.E., Moore, A.T., & Hardcastle, A.J. (2005). Identification of novel RPGR ORF15 mutations in X-linked progressive cone-rod dystrophy (XLCORD) families. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 46, 1891-1898.

Stockman, A., & Plummer, D.J. (2005). Long-wavelength adaptation reveals slow, spectrally-opponent inputs to the human luminance pathway. Journal of Vision, 5, 702-716

Sharpe, L.T., Stockman, A., Jagla, W., & Jägle, H. (2005). A luminous efficiency function, V*(λ), for daylight adaptation. Journal of Vision, 5, 948-968.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L.T., Tufail, A., Kell, P.D., & Jeffery, G. (2006). Viagra® slows the visual response to flicker. Current Biology, 16, R44-R45.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L.T. (2006). Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 26, 225-239.

Smithson, H.E., Khan, S., Sharpe, L.T., & Stockman, A. (2006). Transitions between colour categories mapped with reverse Stroop interference and facilitation. Visual Neuroscience, 23, 453-460.

Stockman, A., Montag, E.D., & Plummer, D.J. (2006). Paradoxical shifts in human colour sensitivity caused by constructive and destructive interference between signals from the same cone class. Visual Neuroscience, 23,  471-478.

Stockman, A., Langendörfer, M., Smithson, H. E., & Sharpe, L. T. (2006). Human cone sensitivity regulation from perception to molecular mechanisms. Journal of Vision, 6, 1194-1213.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L.T. (2006). Physiologically-based colour matching functions. In Proceedings of the  ISCC/CIE Expert Symposium '06: 75 Years of the CIE Standard Colorimetric Observer (pp. 13-20). Vienna: CIE Central Bureau.

Stockman, A., Langendörfer, M., & Sharpe, L. T. (2007). Human S-cone light adaptation. Journal of Vision, 7(3), 4, 1-17.

Stockman, A., Smithson, H. E., Michaelides, M., Moore, A. T., Webster, A. R., & Sharpe, L. T. (2007). Residual cone vision without α-transducin. Journal of Vision, 7(4), 8, 1-14.

Stockman, A., Sharpe, L. T., Tufail, A., Kell, P. D., Ripamonti, C., & Jeffery, G. (2007). The effect of sildenafil citrate (Viagra®) on visual sensitivity. Journal of Vision, 7(8), 4, 1-15.

Bainbridge, J. W. B., Smith, A. J., Barker, S. S., Robbie, S., Henderson, R., Balaggan, K., Viswanathan, A., Holder, G.E., Stockman, A., Tyler, N., Petersen-Jones, S., Bhattacharya, S.S., Thrasher, A.J., Fitzke, F.W., Carter, B.J., Rubin, G.S., Moore, A.T., Ali, R.R. (2008). Effect of gene therapy on visual function in Leber’s congenital amaurosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 358, 1-9.

Sharpe, L. T., & Stockman, A. (2008). Luminous efficiency functions. In C. J. Barnstable & J. Tombran-Tink (Eds.), Visual Transduction and Non Visual Light Perception. (pp. 329-351) Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press.

Stockman, A., Jägle, H., Pirzer, M., & Sharpe, L. T. (2008). The dependence of luminous efficiency on chromatic adaptation. Journal of Vision, 8(16), 1, 1-26.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L. T. (2008). Human cone spectral sensitivities and color vision deficiencies. In C. J. Barnstable & J. Tombran-Tink (Eds.), Visual Transduction and Non Visual Light Perception. (pp. 307-327) Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press.

Stockman, A., & Sharpe, L. T. (2008). Spectral sensitivity. In T. D. Albright & R. H. Masland (Eds.), The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Volume 2: Vision II (pp. 87-100). San Diego: Academic Press Inc.

Stockman, A., Smithson, H. E., Webster, A. R., Holder, G. E., Rana, N. A., Ripamonti, C., & Sharpe, L. T. (2008). The loss of the PDE6 deactivating enzyme, RGS9, results in precocious light adaptation at low light levels. Journal of Vision, 8(1), 10, 1-10.

Ripamonti, C., Woo, W. L., Crowther, E., & Stockman, A. (2009). The S-cone contribution to luminance depends on the M- and L-cone adaptation levels: silent surrounds? Journal of Vision, 9(3), 10, 11-16.

Smithson, H. E., Henning, G. B., MacLeod, D. I. A., & Stockman, A. (2009). The effect of notched noise on flicker detection and discrimination. Journal of Vision, 9(5), 21, 1-18.

Brainard, D.H., & Stockman, A. (2010). Colorimetry. In M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. Macdonald, V. Mahajan & E. van Stryland (Eds.), The Optical Society of America Handbook of Optics, 3rd edition, Volume III: Vision and Vision Optics. New York: McGraw Hill.

Stockman, A., & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Color vision mechanisms. In M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. Macdonald, V. Mahajan & E. van Stryland (Eds.), The Optical Society of America Handbook of Optics, 3rd edition, Volume III: Vision and Vision Optics. New York: McGraw Hill.

Stockman, A., Candler, T., & Sharpe, L. T. (2010). Human scotopic sensitivity is regulated postreceptorally by changing the speed of the scotopic response. Journal of Vision, 10(2), 12, 1-19.

Gardner, J. C., Webb, T. R., Kanuga, N., Robson, A. G., Holder, G. E., Stockman, A., Ripamonti, C., Ebenezer, N.D., Ogun, O., Devery, S., Wright, G.A., Maher, E.R., Cheetham, M.E., Moore, A.T., Michaelides, M., Hardcastle, A.J. (2010). X-linked cone cystrophy (XLCOD5) caused by mutation of the red and green cone opsins. American Journal of Human Genetics, 87, 26-39.

Sharpe, L. T., Stockman, A., Jagla, W., & Jägle, H. (2011). A luminous efficiency function, V*(l), for daylight adaptation: a correction. Color Research & Application, 36, 42-46.

Gardner, J. C., Webb, T. R., Kanuga, N., Robson, A. G., Holder, G. E., Stockman, A., Ripamonti, C., Ebenezer, N.D., Ogun, O., Devery, S., Wright, G.A., Maher, E.R., Cheetham, M.E., Moore, A.T., Michaelides, M., Hardcastle, A.J. (2012). A novel missense mutation in both OPN1LW and OPN1MW cone opsin genes causes X-linked cone dystrophy (XLCOD5) Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology, 723, 595-601.

Petrova, D., Henning, G. B., & Stockman, A. (2013). The temporal characteristics of the early and late stages of L- and M-cone pathways that signal colour. Journal of Vision, 13(4), 2, 1-26.

Petrova, D., Henning, G. B., & Stockman, A. (2013). The temporal characteristics of the early and late stages of L- and M-cone pathways that signal brightness. Journal of Vision, 13(7), 15, 1-23.

Mukherjee, R., Robson, A. G., Holder, G. E., Stockman, A., Egan, C. A., Moore, A. T., & Webster, A. R. (2014). A detailed phenotypic description of autosomal dominant cone dystrophy due to a de novo mutation in the GUCY2D gene. Eye, 28, 481-487.

Ripamonti, C., Aboshiha, J., Henning, G. B., Sergouniotis, I. P., Michaelides, M., Moore, A. T., Webster, A., & Stockman, A. (2014). Vision in observers with enhanced S-cone syndrome: an excess of S-cones but connected mainly to conventional S-cone pathways. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 55(2), 963-976.

Ripamonti, C., Henning, G. B., Ali, R. R., Bainbridge, J. W., Robbie, S. J., Sundaram, R., Luong, V., van den Borg, V. I., Casteels, I., de Ravel, T., Moore, A. T., & Stockman, A. (2014). Nature of the visual loss in observers with Leber's congenital amaurosis caused by mutations in RPE65. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 55(10), 6817-6828.

Stockman, A., Henning, G. B., Michaelides, M., Moore, A. T., Webster, A., Cammack, J., & Ripamonti, C. (2014). Cone dystrophy with “supernormal” rod ERG: psychophysical testing shows comparable rod and cone temporal sensitivity losses with no gain in rod function. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 55(2), 832-840.

Stockman, A., Henning, G. B., Moore, A. T., Webster, A., Michaelides, M., & Ripamonti, C. (2014). Visual consequences of molecular changes in the guanylate cyclase activating protein. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 55(3), 1930-1940.

Stockman, A., Petrova, D., & Henning, G. B. (2014). Colour and brightness encoded in a common L- and M-cone pathway with expansive and compressive nonlinearities? Journal of Vision, 14(3), 1, 1-32.

Bainbridge, J. W. B., Mehat, M. S., Sundaram, V., Robbie, S. J., Barker, S. E., Ripamonti, C., Georgiadis, A., Mowat, F. M., Beatie, S. G., Gardner, P. J., Feathers, K. L., Luong, V. A., Yzer, S., Balaggan, K., Viswanathan, A., de Ravel, T. J. L., Casteels, I., Holder, G. E., Tyler, N., Fitzke, F., Weleber, R. G., Nardini, M., Moore, A., Thompson, D. A., Petersen-Jones, S. M., Michaelides, M., van den Born, L. I., Stockman, A., Smith, A. J., Rubin, G., & Ali, R. R. (2015). Long-term effect of gene therapy on Leber congenital amaurosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(20), 1887-1897.

Ripamonti, C., Henning, G. B., Robbie, S. J., Sundaram, V., van den Born, L. I., Casteels, I., de Ravel, T. J. L., Moore, A.T., Smith, A. J., Bainbridge, J. W. B., Ali, R. R., & Stockman, A. (2015). Spectral sensitivity measurements reveal partial success in restoring missing rod function with gene therapy. Journal of Vision, 15(15), 20, 1-16.

Stockman, A., & Brainard, D. H. (2015). Fundamentals of color vision I: Color processing in the eye. In A. J. Elliot, M. D. Fairchild & A. Franklin (Eds.), Handbook of Color Psychology (pp. 27-69). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cammack, J., Whight, J., Cross, V., Rider, A., Webster, A., & Stockman, A. (2016). Psychophysical measures of visual function and everyday perceptual experience in a case of congenital stationary night blindness. Clinical Ophthalmology, 10, 1593–1606.

Stockman, A. (2016). CIE physiologically-based colour matching functions and chromaticity diagrams. In R. Luo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. (pp. 165-173).  Berlin: Springer.

Stockman, A. (2016). Cone fundamentals. In R. Luo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. (pp. 541-546). Berlin: Springer, in press.

Majander, A., C., J., G.B., H., M., V., Yu-Wai-Man, P., & Stockman, A. (2017). The pattern of retinal ganglion cell loss in OPA1-related autosomal dominant optic atrophy inferred from temporal, spatial and chromatic sensitivity losses. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 58, 502-516.